The International Council of Biotechnology Associations advocates for public policies that support the growth and connection of the innovative biotechnology industry worldwide.

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Biotechnology Worldwide

United States

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.81 i

# of Biotech Companies: 2,272 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 7.5% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 4.5% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 88% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Biotechnology Innovation Organization (BIO)
Learn More about United States

United Kingdom

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.63 i

# of Biotech Companies: 1194 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 4% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 41% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 55% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • UK BioIndustry Association (BIA)
Learn More about United Kingdom

Taiwan

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: N/A i

# of Biotech Companies: 188 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 17% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 10% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 73% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Taiwan Bio Industry Association
Learn More about Taiwan

Swizterland

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.96 i

# of Biotech Companies: 466 ii

National Association(s):

  • Swiss Biotech Association (SBA)
Learn More about Swizterland

Spain

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.3 i

# of Biotech Companies: 650 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 30% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 20% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 50% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • The Spanish Bioindustry Association (ASEBIO)
Learn More about Spain

South Korea

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: .4 i

# of Biotech Companies: 978 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 22% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 44% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 34% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • KoreaBIO
Learn More about South Korea

South Africa

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: .73 i

# of Biotech Companies: 15 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 45% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 27.5% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 27.5% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Africa BIO
Learn More about South Africa

Portugal

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.38 i

# of Biotech Companies: 30 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 51.3% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 26.9% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 21.8% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Portugal’s Biotechnology Industry Organization (P-BIO)
Learn More about Portugal

Peru

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.12 i

# of Biotech Companies: 5 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 95% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 5% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 0% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • PeruBiotec
Learn More about Peru

New Zealand

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.25 i

# of Biotech Companies: 25 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 42% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 25.8% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 32.2% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • NZBio
Learn More about New Zealand

Netherlands

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.27 i

# of Biotech Companies: 466 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 16.3% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 26.9% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 56.8% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Holland BIO
Learn More about Netherlands

Japan

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 3.34 i

# of Biotech Companies: 414 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 20% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 17% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 63% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Japan BioIndustry Association (JBA)
Learn More about Japan

Italy

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.27 i

# of Biotech Companies: 553 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 18% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 11% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 71% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Italian Association for the Development of Biotechnology (Assobiotec)
Learn More about Italy

India

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.82 i

# of Biotech Companies: 442 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 14% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 4% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 82% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Association of Biotech-Led Enterprises (ABLE)
Learn More about India

Hungary

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.37 i

# of Biotech Companies: 74 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 0% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 14.3% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 85.7% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Hungarian Biotechnology Association
Learn More about Hungary

Greece

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.69 i

# of Biotech Companies: 32 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 25.9% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 16.7% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 57.4% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • The Greek Initiative on the Bioeconomy
Learn More about Greece

Germany

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.87 i

# of Biotech Companies: 756 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 27.4% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 14.6% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 58% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • BIO Deutschland
  • German Association of Biotechnology Industries (DIB)
Learn More about Germany

Finland

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.8 i

# of Biotech Companies: 72 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 22.5% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 15% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 62.5% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Finnish BioIndustries
Learn More about Finland

Europe

National Association(s):

  • EuropaBio
Learn More about Europe

Czech Republic

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.79 i

# of Biotech Companies: 73 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 13% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 9% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 78% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Czech Bio
Learn More about Czech Republic

Costa Rica

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.3 i

# of Biotech Companies: 8 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 36% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 16% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 48% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • CRbiomed
Learn More about Costa Rica

Canada

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.71 i

# of Biotech Companies: 870 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 28% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 18% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 53% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • BIOTECanada
Learn More about Canada

Belgium

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.24 i

# of Biotech Companies: 220 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 56.5% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 14.5% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 29% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Bio.be/Essenscia
Learn More about Belgium

Australia

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.25 i

# of Biotech Companies: 893 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 30.8% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 0% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 69.2% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • AusBiotech
Learn More about Australia

Argentina

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: .63 i

# of Biotech Companies: 150 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 53% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 32% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 15% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Foro Argentino de Biotecnologia
Learn More about Argentina

Singapore

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2 i


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • % Agriculture Companies iii
  • % Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • % Healthcare Companies iii

Mexico

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.43 i


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 40.3% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 15% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 44.7% Healthcare Companies iii

Israel

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 4.25 i


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 70% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 15.7% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 14.3% Healthcare Companies iii

Ireland

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.58 i

# of Biotech Companies: 84 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 7% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 1% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 92% Healthcare Companies iii

France

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.23 i


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 21% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 7% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 72% Healthcare Companies iii

China

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.93 i


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 37% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 5% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 58% Healthcare Companies iii

Brazil

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.63 i


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 44.3% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 47.1% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 8.5% Healthcare Companies iii

ICBA Members

Africa

South Africa »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: .73 i

# of Biotech Companies: 15 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 45% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 27.5% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 27.5% Healthcare Companies iii

Asia

India »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.82 i

# of Biotech Companies: 442 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 14% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 4% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 82% Healthcare Companies iii

Japan »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 3.34 i

# of Biotech Companies: 414 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 20% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 17% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 63% Healthcare Companies iii

South Korea »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: .4 i

# of Biotech Companies: 978 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 22% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 44% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 34% Healthcare Companies iii

Taiwan »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: N/A i

# of Biotech Companies: 188 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 17% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 10% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 73% Healthcare Companies iii

Europe

Belgium »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.24 i

# of Biotech Companies: 220 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 56.5% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 14.5% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 29% Healthcare Companies iii

Czech Republic »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.79 i

# of Biotech Companies: 73 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 13% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 9% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 78% Healthcare Companies iii

Europe »

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • % Agriculture Companies iii
  • % Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • % Healthcare Companies iii

Finland »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.8 i

# of Biotech Companies: 72 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 22.5% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 15% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 62.5% Healthcare Companies iii

Germany »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.87 i

# of Biotech Companies: 756 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 27.4% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 14.6% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 58% Healthcare Companies iii

Greece »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.69 i

# of Biotech Companies: 32 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 25.9% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 16.7% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 57.4% Healthcare Companies iii

Hungary »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.37 i

# of Biotech Companies: 74 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 0% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 14.3% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 85.7% Healthcare Companies iii

Italy »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.27 i

# of Biotech Companies: 553 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 18% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 11% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 71% Healthcare Companies iii

Netherlands »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.27 i

# of Biotech Companies: 466 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 16.3% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 26.9% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 56.8% Healthcare Companies iii

Portugal »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.38 i

# of Biotech Companies: 30 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 51.3% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 26.9% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 21.8% Healthcare Companies iii

Spain »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.3 i

# of Biotech Companies: 650 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 30% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 20% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 50% Healthcare Companies iii

Swizterland »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.96 i

# of Biotech Companies: 466 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • % Agriculture Companies iii
  • % Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • % Healthcare Companies iii

United Kingdom »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.63 i

# of Biotech Companies: 1194 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 4% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 41% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 55% Healthcare Companies iii

North America

Canada »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.71 i

# of Biotech Companies: 870 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 28% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 18% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 53% Healthcare Companies iii

Costa Rica »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.3 i

# of Biotech Companies: 8 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 36% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 16% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 48% Healthcare Companies iii

United States »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.81 i

# of Biotech Companies: 2,272 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 7.5% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 4.5% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 88% Healthcare Companies iii

Oceania

Australia »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.25 i

# of Biotech Companies: 893 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 30.8% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 0% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 69.2% Healthcare Companies iii

New Zealand »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.25 i

# of Biotech Companies: 25 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 42% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 25.8% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 32.2% Healthcare Companies iii

South America

Argentina »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: .63 i

# of Biotech Companies: 150 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 53% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 32% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 15% Healthcare Companies iii

Peru »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.12 i

# of Biotech Companies: 5 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 95% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 5% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 0% Healthcare Companies iii

i. Ratio of R&D Spending to GDP: This figure shows the percentage of business and government spending that goes to Research and Development (R&D). This is a crucial indicator of the markets potential for future growth in the biotechnology industry as the more spent on R&D increases the potential for the development of innovative products. This data is derived from UNESCO.

ii. Number of Public and Private Biotechnology Companies: This figure represents the number of micro, small, medium and large-sized companies operating in each market. The figure includes companies working in all three biotechnology sectors: Health (Pharmaceutical, Therapeutics and Diagnostics and R&D Services); Food and Agriculture; and Industrial and Environmental.

iii. % of Biotechnology Companies by Sector: This chart depicts the percentage of biotechnology companies in each market broken down by sector (Health, Food and Agriculture, and Industrial and Environmental). For more information, click here.