The ICBA advocates for public policies that support the growth and connection of the innovative biotechnology industry worldwide.

Small to large global biotech companies are coming together to develop vaccines, therapeutics and diagnostics in the fight against COVID-19.

Learn More about the ICBA

Biotechnology Worldwide

United States

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.81 i

# of Biotech Companies: 2,272 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 7.5% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 4.5% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 88% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Biotechnology Innovation Organization (BIO)
Learn More about United States

United Kingdom

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.63 i

# of Biotech Companies: 1194 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 4% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 41% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 55% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • UK BioIndustry Association (BIA)
Learn More about United Kingdom

Taiwan

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: N/A i

# of Biotech Companies: 188 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 17% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 10% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 73% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Taiwan Bio Industry Association
Learn More about Taiwan

Switzerland

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.96 i

# of Biotech Companies: 900 ii

National Association(s):

  • Swiss Biotech Association (SBA)
Learn More about Switzerland

Sweden

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 3.33 i

# of Biotech Companies: 285 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 3% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 8% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 89% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Sweden BIO
Learn More about Sweden

Spain

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.3 i

# of Biotech Companies: 650 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 30% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 20% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 50% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • The Spanish Bioindustry Association (ASEBIO)
Learn More about Spain

South Korea

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: .4 i

# of Biotech Companies: 978 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 22% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 44% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 34% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • KoreaBIO
Learn More about South Korea

South Africa

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: .73 i

# of Biotech Companies: 15 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 45% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 27.5% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 27.5% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Africa BIO
Learn More about South Africa

Portugal

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.38 i

# of Biotech Companies: 30 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 51.3% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 26.9% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 21.8% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Portugal’s Biotechnology Industry Organization (P-BIO)
Learn More about Portugal

Peru

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.12 i

# of Biotech Companies: 5 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 95% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 5% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 0% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • PeruBiotec
Learn More about Peru

New Zealand

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.25 i

# of Biotech Companies: 25 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 42% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 25.8% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 32.2% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • BIOTech New Zealand (BIOTechNZ)
Learn More about New Zealand

Netherlands

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.27 i

# of Biotech Companies: 466 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 16.3% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 26.9% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 56.8% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Holland BIO
Learn More about Netherlands

Japan

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 3.34 i

# of Biotech Companies: 414 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 20% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 17% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 63% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Japan BioIndustry Association (JBA)
Learn More about Japan

Italy

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.27 i

# of Biotech Companies: 553 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 18% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 11% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 71% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Italian Association for the Development of Biotechnology (Assobiotec)
Learn More about Italy

Ireland

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.58 i

# of Biotech Companies: 84 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 7% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 1% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 92% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • BioPharmaChem Ireland
Learn More about Ireland

India

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.82 i

# of Biotech Companies: 442 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 14% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 4% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 82% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Association of Biotech-Led Enterprises (ABLE)
Learn More about India

Hungary

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.37 i

# of Biotech Companies: 74 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 0% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 14.3% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 85.7% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Hungarian Biotechnology Association
Learn More about Hungary

Hong Kong

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.7 i

# of Biotech Companies: 300 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 15% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 15% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 70% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Hong Kong Biotechnology Association
Learn More about Hong Kong

Greece

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.69 i

# of Biotech Companies: 32 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 25.9% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 16.7% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 57.4% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • The Greek Initiative on the Bioeconomy
Learn More about Greece

Germany

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.87 i

# of Biotech Companies: 756 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 27.4% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 14.6% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 58% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • BIO Deutschland
  • German Association of Biotechnology Industries (DIB)
Learn More about Germany

France

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.19 i

# of Biotech Companies: 720 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 0% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 13% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 87% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • France Biotech
Learn More about France

Finland

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.8 i

# of Biotech Companies: 72 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 22.5% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 15% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 62.5% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Finnish BioIndustries
Learn More about Finland

Europe

National Association(s):

  • EuropaBio
Learn More about Europe

Czech Republic

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.79 i

# of Biotech Companies: 73 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 13% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 9% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 78% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Czech Bio
Learn More about Czech Republic

Costa Rica

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.3 i

# of Biotech Companies: 8 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 36% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 16% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 48% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • CRbiomed
Learn More about Costa Rica

Canada

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.71 i

# of Biotech Companies: 870 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 28% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 18% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 53% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • BIOTECanada
Learn More about Canada

Belgium

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.24 i

# of Biotech Companies: 220 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 56.5% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 14.5% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 29% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Bio.be/Essenscia
Learn More about Belgium

Australia

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.25 i

# of Biotech Companies: 1017 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 28.5% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 0% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 71.5% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • AusBiotech
Learn More about Australia

Argentina

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: .63 i

# of Biotech Companies: 150 ii


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 53% Food and Agricultural iii
  • 32% Industrial and Environmental iii
  • 15% Human Health iii

National Association(s):

  • Foro Argentino de Biotecnologia
Learn More about Argentina

Singapore

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2 i


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • % Agriculture Companies iii
  • % Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • % Healthcare Companies iii

Mexico

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.43 i


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 40.3% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 15% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 44.7% Healthcare Companies iii

Israel

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 4.25 i


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 70% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 15.7% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 14.3% Healthcare Companies iii

China

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.93 i


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 37% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 5% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 58% Healthcare Companies iii

Brazil

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.63 i


Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 44.3% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 47.1% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 8.5% Healthcare Companies iii

ICBA Members

Africa

South Africa »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: .73 i

# of Biotech Companies: 15 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 45% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 27.5% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 27.5% Healthcare Companies iii

Asia

Hong Kong »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.7 i

# of Biotech Companies: 300 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 15% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 15% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 70% Healthcare Companies iii

India »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.82 i

# of Biotech Companies: 442 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 14% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 4% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 82% Healthcare Companies iii

Japan »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 3.34 i

# of Biotech Companies: 414 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 20% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 17% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 63% Healthcare Companies iii

South Korea »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: .4 i

# of Biotech Companies: 978 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 22% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 44% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 34% Healthcare Companies iii

Taiwan »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: N/A i

# of Biotech Companies: 188 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 17% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 10% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 73% Healthcare Companies iii

Europe

Belgium »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.24 i

# of Biotech Companies: 220 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 56.5% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 14.5% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 29% Healthcare Companies iii

Czech Republic »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.79 i

# of Biotech Companies: 73 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 13% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 9% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 78% Healthcare Companies iii

Europe »

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • % Agriculture Companies iii
  • % Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • % Healthcare Companies iii

Finland »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.8 i

# of Biotech Companies: 72 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 22.5% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 15% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 62.5% Healthcare Companies iii

France »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.19 i

# of Biotech Companies: 720 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 0% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 13% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 87% Healthcare Companies iii

Germany »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.87 i

# of Biotech Companies: 756 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 27.4% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 14.6% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 58% Healthcare Companies iii

Greece »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.69 i

# of Biotech Companies: 32 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 25.9% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 16.7% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 57.4% Healthcare Companies iii

Hungary »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.37 i

# of Biotech Companies: 74 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 0% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 14.3% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 85.7% Healthcare Companies iii

Ireland »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.58 i

# of Biotech Companies: 84 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 7% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 1% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 92% Healthcare Companies iii

Italy »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.27 i

# of Biotech Companies: 553 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 18% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 11% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 71% Healthcare Companies iii

Netherlands »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.27 i

# of Biotech Companies: 466 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 16.3% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 26.9% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 56.8% Healthcare Companies iii

Portugal »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.38 i

# of Biotech Companies: 30 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 51.3% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 26.9% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 21.8% Healthcare Companies iii

Spain »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.3 i

# of Biotech Companies: 650 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 30% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 20% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 50% Healthcare Companies iii

Sweden »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 3.33 i

# of Biotech Companies: 285 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 3% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 8% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 89% Healthcare Companies iii

Switzerland »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.96 i

# of Biotech Companies: 900 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • % Agriculture Companies iii
  • % Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • % Healthcare Companies iii

United Kingdom »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.63 i

# of Biotech Companies: 1194 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 4% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 41% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 55% Healthcare Companies iii

North America

Canada »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.71 i

# of Biotech Companies: 870 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 28% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 18% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 53% Healthcare Companies iii

Costa Rica »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.3 i

# of Biotech Companies: 8 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 36% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 16% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 48% Healthcare Companies iii

United States »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.81 i

# of Biotech Companies: 2,272 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 7.5% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 4.5% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 88% Healthcare Companies iii

Oceania

Australia »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 2.25 i

# of Biotech Companies: 1017 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 28.5% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 0% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 71.5% Healthcare Companies iii

New Zealand »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 1.25 i

# of Biotech Companies: 25 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 42% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 25.8% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 32.2% Healthcare Companies iii

South America

Argentina »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: .63 i

# of Biotech Companies: 150 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 53% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 32% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 15% Healthcare Companies iii

Peru »

% of GDP Spent on Biotech R&D: 0.12 i

# of Biotech Companies: 5 ii

Distribution of Biotech Companies by Sector:

  • 95% Agriculture Companies iii
  • 5% Industrial & Environmental Companies iii
  • 0% Healthcare Companies iii

i. Ratio of R&D Spending to GDP: This figure shows the percentage of business and government spending that goes to Research and Development (R&D). This is a crucial indicator of the markets potential for future growth in the biotechnology industry as the more spent on R&D increases the potential for the development of innovative products. This data is derived from UNESCO.

ii. Number of Public and Private Biotechnology Companies: This figure represents the number of micro, small, medium and large-sized companies operating in each market. The figure includes companies working in all three biotechnology sectors: Health (Pharmaceutical, Therapeutics and Diagnostics and R&D Services); Food and Agriculture; and Industrial and Environmental.

iii. % of Biotechnology Companies by Sector: This chart depicts the percentage of biotechnology companies in each market broken down by sector (Health, Food and Agriculture, and Industrial and Environmental). For more information, click here.